Be it a small football club, a 4 student’s group in your English class, a small convenience store business or a large enterprise almost everyone likes to play the leading role. The truth is nearly everyone with a Business major in their university seek to lead a firm in multiple ways and make significant difference in the company. However, how hard is it to be a leader? Before we go about different Leadership theories let’s consider the 2 basic types of leaders. 1st are the natural Leaders, who are able to do it smoothly, like it is in their veins. The 2nd category includes the one who pursue. The ones who work for hours and hours to be in a position where they can justify, as to why they are leaders.
Let’s start with some major Leadership theories.
A Great Man Theory
This theory puts emphasis on natural leaders. It says that Leaders are born and not made. According to this this theory when we are born, we are born with or without the Leadership skills within us and we can not necessarily change it. E.g Gandhi, Lincoln. This theory focuses on Personal qua
lities of leaders like Charm, aggressiveness, enthusiasm etc.
The Behavioral theory talks about behavior of the leaders. It says that what makes an ordinary person a leader and then what makes an ordinary leader a good leader is their series of actions and abilities to respond to situation. Since this scale is more measureable, e.g The number of successful decisions made in state of emergency, increase in productivity of fellow colleagues etcetera, this theory was put in effect really quick. This theory also helps in differentiating non-leaders with leaders by analyzing their difference in behavior to certain circumstances.
This theory puts effort on a very important element that is ignored by previous 2 theories, “the environment”. Depending on the kind of situation, non-leaders and leaders could have similar or different actions. But when it comes to making quick decisions, what is the best style? Is it good to use the entire team or just the most effective members? Should the leader be people oriented or task oriented? There are many similar queries and ideas that look into Contingency theory. It was further enforced when many new theories were introduced based on this idea including Path-Goal theory by House, Fiedler’s Contingency model, Reddin’s 3-D management theory and many more. Overall, an ability to react according to the condition, current status and keeping in mind future effects, drawbacks and benefits is what makes a successful leader in this theory. But it also states that not everyone is a good leader in every situation.